Her “groom” is the sun, who is considered a god in Hindu religion. Gufa (Surya Darshan ) Invitaion This is the invitation card design of Surya Darshan. In the Newari community, girls marry a wood apple during their adolescence to shelter her if her husband dies as the wood apple is a symbol for Lord Kumar. The first is called Ehee (in Newari) and Bel Bibaha (in Nepali) when they marry the Bel fruit. There are many pre natal rituals, however majority of those : pusawan kriya, simatopanayan, for example are no longer in existence. The Newar caste structure resembles … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. Also, since the Sun can never die, a Newari girl child who has completed her Gufa will never become a widow, even if her real-life husband passes away. And the very first marriage is "Ihi" in Newari language or "Bel sang Bibaha" in Nepali language.The second one marriage is with the Sun which is called "Bara Tayegu" in Newari or "Gufa Rakhne" in Nepali. Some traditions stem from ancient religious origins while some are specific to only one ethnic community. Although very little is known about the history of development of the Newari culture and society, it is believed that Newars were Buddhist. Skip to secondary content. Newar religious culture is rich in ceremony and is marked by frequent festivals throughout the year. […] While originally 12 days is the length of the ritual, these days the girls are only required to stay in the Gufa for 6 days due to various reasons. Newari Culture Sunday, September 12, 2010. It is around the age of 12-14 that most girls must follow through with this ritual and the entire family considers this as a very auspicious occasion in the life cycle of the girl child. Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. No matter how old or young they become, they still follow their tradition and pass them to their succeeding generations. And then they are married to the Sun which is called “Bara Tayegu” (Newari) or “Gufa Rakhne” (Nepali). Although this is due to the changing lifestyle of the people, where staying in the Gufa for 12 long days can hamper studies and work of the family members, the main reason for shortening the duration is due to the risks associated with it. They have beautifully preserved their unique culture and tradition throughout the centuries of the establishment of their community by recreating and repeating these rituals year after year. Bahra Tayegu or ‘Gufa rakhane’ or ‘Surya Darshan’ in Nepali is done when the girls are on verge of puberty. Everything About Bosan Danda Aka White House – Kathmandu, Rising Cybercrime in Nepal – Reasons & Preventive Measures. In Nepal the historical research is still in its infancy and very little is known concerning the development of Newari culture and society. Even though I am not from the Newari Community, I chose to write about it because being a girl, I found it fascinating. Her meals were served to her in the room. The first day of the ceremony starts with a usual puja conducted either by the eldest woman of the lineage or the priest. According to the Nepalese culture, life is a gift, and every person is to be considered as a god, so every event in life must be cherished. [1] The completion of the 12 day ceremony is celebrated with a traditional party. Even when a child is born, the name-givin… Ihi or Bel bibaha is a unique tradition in Nepal which portrays a distinct culture of Newar Community. Newari is one of an ethnic groups in Nepal. This tradition has the significance of showing the changing life cycle of the girl from a child into an adolescent and is carried out with the belief that the Sun will protect the child from all evils of life as her husband would. In this ceremony, the girl is married to the sun. The common identity of Newar was formed in the Kathmandu Valley. Well as a Newar myself I can say that even I don’t know all of the cultures that we follow. [6] In the Newar community the girls are married thrice; first to the never decaying bael fruit, second to the eternal sun and finally to a man. For 12 days, Riti was confined in a room without sunlight. Paved way without vehicles, best for pedestrian walk with cafe on side of the way giving european feel to the visitors. The essence of Gufa, which is a Nepali word for a den, is the darkness of a room, where the girl carrying the ritual must reside for 12 days while avoiding the Sun and the male members of the family. The blindfold is required to make sure that the girl sets her eyes upon the Sun before any other thing. Pikey Peak—New Trekking Trail to Add to Your List, A week long dance portraying the history – Kartik Nach. There are many pre natal rituals, however majority of those : pusawan kriya, simatopanayan, for example are no longer in existence. The parents give the girl a “sagoon”, an auspicious package of eggs, curd and other things. Yet, in the event that the tyke is the young lady then this service is sorted out in 5 months. First introduced in the time of the Licchavis, the Newar caste system assumed its present shape during the medieval Malla period. The child is literally showered with Newari treats made out of wheat and chaku, a sweet, dark, concentrated extract of sugarcane, called yomari, plus til (sesame seed) and money, all of which is then donated to the needy. Street celebrations include pageants, jatras or processions in which a car or portable shrine is paraded through the streets and sacred masked dances. The girl child’s father, mother, grandmother, aunt and marital uncle have the most important roles during the ceremony. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. It is believed that the girl is protected by the sun from bad people and the evils after this ceremony. The custom, called “gufa” or “bara teu” in Newari, takes place before a girl’s first menstruation. Thus even in a case of untimely death of her husband the woman is never widowed preventing her from the tortures of the society. The girl’s forehead is colored with red sindoor, a sign of being married, and the marital uncle puts oil on her hair. The custom, called “gufa” or “bara teu” in Newari, takes place before a girl’s first menstruation. This isn’t a child marriage but an ancient Newari tradition that marks the pre-puberty stage of a girl’s life. The main reason is that there are simply too many of them. This party was traditionally arranged as a Sukul Bhoj, but these days it is arranged in a buffet style as it is more preferred by the majority of the guests. Newari people are known for their rich culture, variant traditions, great food and good heart. Quiz : How much do you know about Nepal . When they get into human conjugal relationship its actually their marriage. It is a traditional ritual for a Newari girl to marry the Sun. The ritual food, Samaybaji which consists of 9 dishes is offered to the sun god to show obedience. The ceremony is conducted before the first menstruation. Switch to the light mode that's kinder on your eyes at day time. Bahra is also known as surya bibaha or gufa rakhne in Nepali language. One of their unique traditional ritual is “Gufa”, when a girl of age between 12-14 years old has to stay in a dark room for twelve days before menstruation. A girl is kept in a room for 12 days without seeing sunlight and not meeting any male person. Among these, the Newari Community is one that cannot be missed as it is the largest and presumably the oldest one here in Kathmandu. Well here is a list of 10 Newari Cultures that you may think you know but I bet you didn’t know well. In Nepal Bhasa bahra means a 'cave' and teyegu or chuyegu mean 'to put', thus Bahra tayegu is the ceremony where Newar girls are put in a "cave" like scenario for 12 days. While the grandmother worships Lord Ganesh and the Sun, the girl’s aunt is the one who brings her out of the darkroom after 12 days with a blindfold on. Their language, lifestyle, culture, tradition and the rituals are totally different from other ethnic groups. It is a small country but the culture, tradition is present. The room was exclusive to women, she was not allowed to see or touch men. For … The Newari girls also go through the Bara ceremony or also known as 'Gufa rakhne' as … The lack of nutrition and the cold dark room usually becomes the reason for the girl child falling ill and in some cases, facing death. The head member of the family must separate a portion of the meal for the Bahra Khayak, or doll representing a ghost, every day as the girl is believed to be under the possession of evil at this time. [3] When the girl is chosen for the ceremony the priest is consulted for a suitable date and place for ceremony. How much Newari Culture do you know? Had Covid-19 not been prevalent, people from around the world would have visited Bandipur in Tanahun district, during the 'Visit Nepal 2020' campaign. Well as a Newar myself I can say that even I don’t know all of the cultures that we follow. Skip to primary content . Thereafter, the grandmother steps in to tie the Sun and the girl as husband and wife. Until the Gorkha conquest of the valley in 1769, all the people who had inhabited the valley at any point of time were either Newar or progenitors of Newar. But there is no need to go to the bride’s house for the groom. Gufa is one of the most important rituals in Newari culture as it reflects the maturity of the girl. The Nepalese tradition is a bright mix of its ethnicity and religion; every culture has its significance. The first marriage is called “Ihi (Newari) or “Bel sanga bibaha” (Nepali). Yomari Punhi. The girl is veiled all the time during the ceremony and at the end she lifts her veil and looks at the reflection of the sun on water. Generally accepted age is 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13 year old. Why do Hindus in Nepal choose open-air cremation? Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. Switch to the dark mode that's kinder on your eyes at night time. Bahra Tayegu or ‘Gufa rakhane ... It’s an age old Nepali culture and tradition that has continued till this day in Newar communities. Normally Newar girls are married thrice in their lives. The girl is then entertained with folk songs and dances performed by her friends until the 12th day, which is the day she finally sees the Sun and is married to it. A Newari movie titled “Barasi” depicting the true life story of a girl’s death during Gufa can give you more insights into the negative aspect of this ritual. Newari Rituals Pre Natal. This ritual is known in Nepali as annaprasan or rice feeding (or jankoo in Newari). These marriage ceremonies are conducted both… She had her female relatives and friends for companionship. Newari Culture Sunday, September 12, 2010. This ritual shows the need to maintain a relationship with the nature and the significance of each family member in the life of girl child. For the reason, as already explained in the ihi ceremony. ।। सूर्य विवाह ।। : गुफा . Gufa is one of the most important rituals in Newari culture as it reflects the maturity of the girl. It is believed that this marriage depicts the transition of a girl child into an adolescent and hence, must compulsorily be carried out before the girl starts to menstruate. Here you'll find all collections you've created before. If you’ve ever lived in Kathmandu, you have for sure been to a Newari Sukul Bhoj, which means a dinner/lunch on a mat instead of a table. These marriage ceremonies are conducted both… Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting updates to your email inbox. Another thing you have surely heard is that a Newari girl is keeping her Gufa. The Newa are the indigenous people and the creators of the historical civilization of Nepal's kathmandu valley. 3.8k Views. Enter your account data and we will send you a link to reset your password. There are various rules that the girl must follow, such as not applying oil, during her stay in the room and it is only on the 6th day of Gufa that her female relatives can visit her with fruits. Also from this day onward the girls has to put on a special facial called Kghwao (made of rice flour, roasted fenugreek flour, sandalwood and other herbs) to make her beautiful. Finally the third, when they marry a real bridegroom. Newari culture in Nepal Newari Culture in Nepal :- Nepal is a beautiful country with cultural diversification. Bahra tayegu is a second marriage of a Newar girl, the first one being ihi;the marriage with the bael fruit. But there are very good grounds for believing that the Newars were Buddhist in religion. Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. Posted on December 4, 2011 by Me. Each member has his/her own role to perform in order to successfully marry the girl off to the Sun God. Finally the third, when they marry a real bridegroom. Bahra ceremony marks the turning of girl to a fertile woman. Home; About; Gallery; Post navigation ← Older posts. The Newari culture is perhaps one of the richest ones in stories, proceedings, and family ties – the most exquisite practices there prevail. Newari Culture and Traditions A world within itself. They bring with them their blessings and other gifts for the girl child who just transitioned into an adolescent. The second is the marriage with Sun which is called Tayegu (in Newari) or Gufa Rakhne (in Nepali). The festival of Rato Machhindranath is the most important and the most exciting time of the year for the people residing here. These marriage ceremonies are conducted both among Buddhist Newars and Hindu Newars. One of the many rituals they follow is ‘Gufa’. [1] For the first 11 days the girl is kept in a dark room away from sun light and any male contact. During these days, “Bahra Khayak” is made and worshipped. The Sun, which lives on for eternity, protects the girl child from the bad people and omens after her marriage with the Sun. The main reason is that there are simply too many of them. It is believed that Kathmandu was blessed with rainfall when Rato Machhindranath was brought to Bungamati; when it was experiencing the worst drought in its history. Most parents, as well as the girl child, have a very hard time mentally and physically during this time if and when the child falls ill. It is believed that for the 12 days the girl is possessed in some way by the bahra khayak and thus as homage the girls regularly conducts puja to the khayak. The second is the marriage with Sun which is called Tayegu (in Newari) or Gufa Rakhne (in Nepali). The Newari culture is a beautiful and complex part of Nepal. The daughters of Newar community are married thrice in their lives. [5] Finally in an elaborate ritual the priest weds the bride with the sun. Bahra tayegu or bahra chuyegu (Nepal Bhasa: बराह तयेगु or बराह चुयेगु ) is a coming of age ritual in Newar community of Nepal in which girls between the ages of 7 to 13 are married to the sun god in a 12-day ceremony. %privacy_policy%. [7], Coming of age ritual in Newar community of Nepal, "gufa...a Newar tradition..and some of my experiences", "Marrying the Sun God is a rite of passage for Nepal's girls", "Newar Traditions: A Ceremony Called Life", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bahra_ceremony&oldid=975882184, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 August 2020, at 23:04. February 7, 2020, 8:22 am These marriage ceremonies are practiced by both Buddhist Newars and Hindu Newars. It is likewise an extraordinary spot for experiencing sports like paragliding, caving, rock climbing, and hiking. A girl who dies during Gufa must be buried in the exact spot she died and the female members of the family must dig the earth out of the house to make this possible. Prior to the Gorkha conquest of the valley, the three neighboring cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon were the capitals of autonomous Newar kingdoms. In a Newari culture too, almost every ritual is as same as in other communities. One of the beautiful cultures of Nepal is Newari culture followed by Newar. Relatives, relatives were accumulated and this service is performed. Newari Culture Newa People About NewarI peoplE . Reply. See more ideas about Nepal, Culture, Ethinic. The Sun, which lives on for eternity, protects the girl child from the bad people and omens after her marriage with the Sun. The different divisions of Newars had different historical developments. Nepal, a beautifully intricate garden of over a hundred different ethnic groups, also naturally has countless numbers of unique traditions. In the corner of the room was a handmade … Mostly held during the months of February and March, the Newari girl must endure the test of time by hiding away from the Sun until the 12th day, when the “Surya Darshan” or meeting with the Sun happens. Bahra tayegu is a second marriage of a … Birth. On the 12th day the girls wakes up before the sunrise to take a complete bath. Gufa is a Newari tradition that equates to the marriage of a Newari young child to the Sun. Normally Newar girls are married thrice in their lives. [4] For the first 5 days she is not allowed to clean herself or eat salted food. The first is called Ehee (in Newari) and Bel Bibaha (in Nepali) when they marry the Bel fruit. [1] Then the seclusion starts. Search. When they get into human conjugal relationship its actually their marriage. Newari Culture About Newa people HistorY. To use social login you have to agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. 1)Rice feeding ceremony It is sorted out in six or seven months of birth if the youngster is the kid. That’s why many people prefer saying gufa to this rite. Each family has its own method of carrying out this tradition but the significance remains the same to all Newari people; to ensure that their girl child has a beautiful life away from the evils of the world. These marriage ceremonies are practiced by both Buddhist Newars and Hindu Newars. Newars generally, hail from Kathmandu and are rich in traditional values, customs, and literature. The Newari people are famous for their year-round festivities that take place on various occasions worshipping the numerous deities and depicting historical events. The family consults with a priest on when to have this ceremony for their daughter and the date is fixed accordingly. This is done to symbolize the purification of the girl before her marriage to the sun god on the 12th day. After the 6th day her female relatives come to visit her with variety of food delicacies. The boys shave their head during this ritual. Though this culture is different in different families. Where to Find these Must-Try Newari Dishes? When they are of 9 to 13 years of age, this ceremony is held for them.Bahra Tayegu, simply put is a coming of age ceremony for the girls in both Buddhist and Hindu Newar communities. Nevertheless, Dhau baji nakegu (offering yogurt and flattened rice along with yomari, sweets etc) during pregnancy is still practiced by many castes. People of different caste and religion live here. [2] The final day is marked with a bhwe (a traditional party) and celebrations. Along with the Namaste comes warm greeting to guests who are regarded as gods and are treated with great respect. The language used by the Newar is called Nepal Bhasa, commonly known as Newari and has its own script and a rich literature. Bel Vivaha and Gufa where a girl… Bahra tayegu or bahra chuyegu (Nepal Bhasa: बराह तयेगु or बराह चुयेगु ) is a coming of age ritual in Newar community of Nepal in which girls between the ages of 7 to 13 are married to the sun god in a 12-day ceremony. Prajita Gupta Growing up in the Kathmandu valley, I have always been surrounded by a majority of friends coming from various backgrounds and ethnicities. Main menu. The first marriage is called “Ihi (Newari) or “Bel sanga bibaha” (Nepali). Gai Jatra: Going by its name, it might seem to be a festival of cows but this actually is a festival where one person from each house that has suffered a loss that year takes part in a parade where they dress up in crazy costumes and drag a colorful cow behind them. In the wake of adoring Ganesh, … Continue reading "Interesting culture of Newar’s (of little age people)" How much Newari Culture do you know? The Newar caste system is the system by which Newars, the historical inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley, are divided into groups on the basis of Vedic varna model and divided according to their hereditary occupations. When this seemingly strange Newar tradition known as gufa (cave) or barah (twelve) was known to the modern world, it created an uproar among human rights and women’s rights activists. Many festivals are tied to Hindu and Buddhist holidays and the harvest cycle. And then they are married to the Sun which is called “Bara Tayegu” (Newari) or “Gufa Rakhne” (Nepali). Then she is dressed up in traditional wedding dress with red sari and heavy gold jewelry as if it were an actual wedding. Newari Rituals Pre Natal. If the girl were to die during this 12 day ritual, the tradition has it that the body should not see the sun so they bury the body underground of the same house the girl dies. The first marriage is called “Ihi (Newari) or “Bel sanga bibaha” (Nepali). The Nepalese greet each other by joining two of their hands and slightly bowing down; this is called a Namaste. Just another WordPress.com site. The family plays a very vital role during this ceremony of Surya Darshan on the 12th day. Newars, who used to be almost the entire population of Kathmandu Valley before the invasion of the Shah dynasty in 1968, are inheritors of the rich history and culture. The bahra means gufa. Though trekking in Nepal is a major attraction for tourists, culture and traditional attractions are also strong attraction factors. And then they are married to the Sun which is called “Bara Tayegu” (Newari) or “Gufa Rakhne” (Nepali). When they get into human conjugal relationship its actually their marriage. 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